Citizenship, Identity Politics, and the Production of Differences

Inspired by David Holston’s concept “insurgent citizenship”, this panel addresses the interplay between citizenship and identity politics as a fluid and dynamic process between the state and non-state actors in post-reformasi Indonesia. The insurgent citizenship denotes the dynamics of citizenship that claims and takes over political space and geographical territory and thus produces a new identity to mark the claim. In contrast to legal citizenship, insurgent citizenship does not rely on the state’s confirmation for its citizenship formation. Rather, it crafts and asserts its own forms of political identity. Drawing on the following case studies, the panel aims to examine the dynamics of citizenship and political identity formation in the current Indonesian politics. It will cover a broad range of analysis of inter-faith, state-society-church, as well as state and adat relations that shape both local and national society and polity. The analysis will not only conceptualise the complex relations among different actors but more importantly, will examine whether insurgent citizenship remains relevant to a non-urban setting like the case studies listed below.

Panel Coordinator:

Budi Hernawan (Abdurrachman Wahid Center)
Ahmad Suaedy (Abdurrachman Wahid Center)


  1. Insurgent citizenship and identity politics of the six indigenous religious communities in Indonesia [Budi Hernawan & Ahmad Suaedy]
  2. Dynamics of Local Elite Struggles: Papuan Customary Council during the Third Congress of the Papuan People 2011 [I Ngurah Suryawan]
  3. The Politics of Equality and Difference: Churches, Citizenship, and Identity Politics in Flores and Papua [Cypri Jehan Paju Dale]
  4. A Distant Feeling: Ethnographic Study of Nationhood and Citizenship in Past and Present Minahasa [Vissita Ita Yulianto]
  5. ‘There is No Citizen in Islam’: The “Alter-Nation” Politics [Aris Arif Mundayat]
  6. Cultural Identity of The Third Generation Javanese People in Kaba Wetan Bengkulu, Between Tradition and Changes [Jumhari]
  7. Identity Politics:  a Problematic Image of LGBT in the Post-Reformasi Indonesia [Irene Gayatri]
  8. Chinese Indonesians and China-Indonesia Relations: A Juxtapositions of Identity and Politics [Thung Ju Lan]
  9. Ethnic Massenrempulu in the Transformation Identity Politics and Production of Difference [Munsi Lampe]
  10. Being a “Political Chinese”: the shift of political preferences among young Chinese Indonesian in Post-Reformation Era of Jakarta [Ignatia Dyahapsari & Irfan Nugraha]