Livelihood Transitions in Southeast Asia: Critical Investigations and Policy Implications

Recent paradigms in conservation and development theory have addressed the issue of sustainability by a focus on livelihoods, particularly in what has emerged as the ‘sustainable livelihoods’ approach. This panel invites papers dealing with the myriad facets of the pressures people in the Southeast Asian region are facing in pursuing their livelihoods and the responses they are making. It seeks to investigate the nexus between the force of external drivers of transformation – land grabs for industrial agriculture and other purposes, climate change, pest resurgence, habitat degradation, schemes for carbon trading (e.g. various forms of REDD) and payments for economic services (PES), imposition of protected areas and others – and the forms of local agency by which local people seek to reconfigure their livelihood practices to respond to such pressures, creatively seek opportunities not only to sustain their practices but also to create opportunities for transformations in their everyday practices and their modes of engagement beyond their localities. Another focus may be the relationships with various organisations – local NGOs, transnational conservation organisations, private enterprises and foundations, etc. – that catalyse, authorise and otherwise affect livelihood transitions in these contexts, as well as the effects of such engagements and transitions upon natural resources. The panel also seeks papers that focus upon the entanglements of these issues with state policies and the ways in which innovative refashionings of livelihoods call for policy changes.

Panel coordinator:

Greg Acciaioli (Western Australia University)
Dedi Adhuri (Indonesian Institute of Sciences/LIPI)
James J. Fox (Australian National University)
Yunita T. Winarto (Universitas Indonesia)

Presenters:

  1. Assessing the Impacts of Marine Protected Areas on the Livelihoods and Food Security of the Bajau as an Indigenous Migratory People in Indonesia and Malaysia [Greg Acciaioli, Natasha Stacey, Dirk J. Steenbergen, & Julian Clifton]
  2. Fishing Communities’ Vulnerability to Climate Change: Some Cases from Selayar Island [Dedi Supriadi Adhuri, Laksmi Rachmawati & Ary Wahyono]
  3. Video and Ethnographic Knowledge: Representing Farmers’ Lives in Transition [Rhino Ariefiansyah]
  4. Environmental Changes, Livelihood and Human Actions: Causal Explanation of Peat Fire in Kalimantan Tengah [Sofyan Ansori]
  5. Kepengaturan dan Resistensi dalam Rantai Pasok Industri Pangan: Studi Kasus Rantai Pasok Gula Kelapa Pangandaran [Rahmad Efendi]
  6. Where Poison is Sold as Medicine: An Examination of the Use of Pesticides in a Rice-Growing Village in West Java [James J. Fox & Yunita Winarto]
  7. Logging Concession Holders and Local Community Participation in Forest Resource Management [Herman Hidayat]
  8. ‘There is No Price’: The Entanglement of Livelihoods, Markets, and Nature [Timo Kaartinen]
  9. Making Markets Work for the Poor: A Comparative Study of Community-Based Local Economic Development To Support Livelihoods Programs for the Poor in Indonesia and Japan [Karim]
  10. The Mitra (Partner): The Making and Implication of Territoriality on the Gold Mining Frontier in Bombana District, Indonesia [Omar Pidani]
  11. Livelihood Transformations of the Orang Rimba as Tacit Resistance in the Context of Deforestation [Adi Prasetijo]
  12. When Belonging but Not Controlling: Conservation and the Strategy of Local People Facing Transition in Global Issues [Mohammad Fathi Royyani]
  13. Marketplace , Traders and Upland Farming Farmers: The Ethnography of Dynamic Trading as a Livelihood in the Ujung Berung Marketplace, Bandung, West Java) [Budiawati Supangkat]
  14. Pengembangan Penghidupan Berkelanjutan di Indonesia: Studi tentang Perancangan Program Pengembangan Penghiduptan Berkelanjutan (P2B) dan Hasil Ujicobanya [Mohammad Syukri]
  15. Dari ‘Kosmologi’ ke ‘Skenario Musiman’: Transisi Sumber Pengetahuan Petani untuk Antisipasi Konsekuensi Perubahan Iklim di Lombok Timur [Moh. Taqiuddin]
  16. Agrometeorological Learning as Policy Learning in a Changing Climate:Would the State Changes its Policies if the Farmers Change their Strategies? [Yunita T. Winarto, Kees Stigter, Rhino Ariefiansyah,& Adlinanur F. Prihandiani]