Sexual Inequalities in Contemporary Indonesia: Perseverance and Alteration

This panel features four presenters who will discuss their contributions to the contested and multifaceted dimensions of sexual inequality. Previously, the discussions of sexual inequality are ranging from extreme male dominance to the equality of men and women (Hendrix, 1994). In this panel, we seek to highlight the diverse, changing, and complex notions of sexual inequality within the contexts of rapid transformations in Indonesia after the new order era. For the past 20 years, the changes in the social, economic, and political life has shifted the notions of femininity, masculinity, and sexuality. Under these circumstances, sex, gender, and power relations are constantly in flux and negotiated. Sexual inequality can no longer be seen as a constant male domination. We attempt to understand the ways power operates (eg. through the work of ideology or domination) and legitimizes the differences of men and women which privileging a particular sex, and at the same time maintaining social exclusion based on sex. In this regards, we would like to raise some questions: How do we situate sexual inequalities in the contexts of the rapid transformations in Indonesia and the shifting sexuality norms and practices? In what ways do the changes create some emergent/new forms sexual inequalities? How do the changing contexts of social, economic, and political structures in Indonesia perpetuate the existing sexual inequalities?

Panel Coordinator:

Sari Damar Ratri (Universitas Indonesia)
Gabriella Devi Benedicta (Universitas Indonesia)

Presenters:

  1. Indonesia Military Women: Between Dedication and Servitude [Fitriani]
  2. Women Agency in Bima, Indonesia: Dominant roles of female sando (healer) in Islamic life-cycle ritual [Muhammad Adlin Sila]
  3. Biomedical Childbirth in Flores Island, Indonesia [Alicia Paramita Rebuelta Cho]
  4. Insecurity and domination among sex workers in Jakarta [A’malina Az Zahra & Sari Damar Ratri]
  5. Integritas Tubuh dan Praktik Sunat Perempuan di Indonesia [Fatimah Az Zahro]
  6. Anak ‘Beranak’ Hilangnya Hak dan Identitas Sebagai Warga Negara: Praktik merariq Suku Sasak di Desa Surabaya Utara, Kabupaten Lombok Timur [Reni Kartikawati]
  7. Does Inagawan play a role in a public sphere? [Lamtiur H. Tampubolon]
  8. Using Naratives as Strategy for LGBT Inclusion [Made Mastianta]
  9. Doing ‘chemical sexualities’, becoming a Jago: Performing masculinities in a precarious life of young men in Papua [Diana Teresa Pakasi & Abner Krey Koibur]
  10. Visibility Dilemma of Being Transmen at Work [Gabriella Devi Benedicta]