Social and Economic Disparities in Post-Reformasi Indonesia: New or Persisting Inequalities?

Decentralisation and Democratisation have opened up manifold new political and economic opportunities throughout the Indonesian Archipelago. In some regions, previously marginalised ethnic minorities have become local majorities and people formerly excluded from power have (re-)turned into ruling elites, while shifts in capital have brought about an extreme rise of income in some resource-rich regions beyond Java. However, these new opportunities are not equally enjoyed by everyone. Newly gained regional wealth has not automatically brought prosperity to the local population and new authority over natural resources has not automatically led to more sustainable and just practices of natural resource exploitation. Rather, inequalities between the regions but also between communities, households and individuals are growing in Indonesia.

This panel explores the processes by which social and economic inequalities are (re-)produced in Post-Reformasi Indonesia. We invite papers that contribute examples of various forms of evolving as well as persisting inequalities and address the following questions: How are new inequalities created? How are existing inequalities reproduced or even deepened? Despite far reaching political changes old structures often remain, but become more visible and thus appear as “new” and old entities often continue to exist, although in the shape of new formal structures. How are “old” as well as “new” inequalities intertwined with ethnicity, gender, age or education? In how far can inequalities be considered as temporarily or permanent?

Panel Coordinator:

Michaela Haug (University of Cologne, Germany)
Kristina Grossmann (University Passau, Germany)
Mia Siscawati (Universitas Indonesia)
Suraya Afiff (Universitas Indonesia)


  1. Strategy of Women Migrant Workers in Developing Familiy Security: Study in Desa Paberasan, Kapupaten Sumenep, East Java [Pinky Saptandari]
  2. Ketahanan Pangan dan Perlindungan Sosial Keluarga Petani [Amiruddin Ketaren]
  3. Pathways to Social Inclusion: Addressing Social and Economic Disparities in Indonesia Today [Angie Bexley]
  4. Linking Food Security, Culture and Agriculture with Social Justice: Looking at the Impacts of Gold Mining Activities in the Bombana Granary of Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia [Fitrilailah Mokui & Wa Kuasa Baka]
  5. The Fracture of Culture: The (local) Critical Notes to the Implementation of REDD+ in Central Kalimantan [Nur Anggraeni]
  6. Picture of the Rural Lifestyle: A Middle Way of Combating Social Inequalities among Villagers [Nursyirwan Effendi]
  7. Economic and Social Disparities in East Kalimantan: Exploring Emerging and Persisting Inequalities [Michaela Haug]
  8. Markets and Development Post-Earthquake: A Portrayal of Traditional Market Space Distribution Inequality Increasing in Padang, West Sumatra [Zusmelia & Firdaus]
  9. Mining and the Inequality of Natural Resource Extraction in Post Reformasi Nusa Tenggara Timur [Maribeth Erb & Lasarus Jehamat]
  10. Pertambangan Rakyat dan Pelanggaran HAM, Potret Ketidak-Adilan Pembangunan NTT [Wilhemus J. Anggal & Sarlinda A. Kisek]