1.2. Fishing Communities’ Vulnerability to Climate Change: Some Cases from Selayar Island


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Dedi Supriadi Adhuri (LIPI)
Laksmi Rachmawati (LIPI)
Ary Wahyono (LIPI)

Abstract

Climate change has become an additional problem for fishing communities whose members have suffered from resource over-exploitation and poverty. The increase of extreme weather, sea level rise, ocean acidification, and coral bleaching have threatened their lives and livelihoods. This paper will discuss four fishing communities’ vulnerability to climate change on Selayar Island, South Sulawesi. Using a survey, complemented by in-depth interviews and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), we calculate vulnerability by looking at exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of 200 fishing households in the four villages. The result shows some similarities and differences of the level and types of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity, as well as the total level of vulnerability of these four fishing communities. Other than looking at the geographical position of each village on Selayar Island, which influences their exposure to climatic variables such as seasonality (direction and wind speed), we also look at fishing technology as part of the condition that influence their vulnerability.

Keywords: fishing community, climate change, vulnerability