17.3. Strategy of Women Migrant Workers in Developing Familiy Security: Study in Desa Paberasan, Kapupaten Sumenep, East Java


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Pinky Saptandari (Universitas Airlangga)

Abstract

Developing family security is a vital point in society and government policies. Fundamental changes for establishing family security shall be started from the family itself as consequence of the family as the smallest unit in the society. Being the smallest unit of the society, each family plays pivot role in developing and encouraging the changes of family thinking and behaviour. In family security itself includes women empowerment and child protection. This paper is a summary of research conducted by RKAT FISIP UNAIR at the Paberasan village in Kabupaten (Regency of) Sumenep, East Java, in 2015 picturing the strategy of women migran workers (“WMW”) in developing family security. Women migran workers as representative of  marginalized poverty group in the society show their ability to liberating themselve from poverty. In economic term, WMW manage their oversees income for family living, secure their children education, saving in the form of land, or cattle and bank saving.This strategy can be narrated as self-awareness to empower family security. Besides their ability to secure their family, the WMW are facing the risk and any other threathening as most of them are illegal workers. Nonetheless the latter shows the minimum level of legal protection, entrance to information of vocational training or any other government program for society empowerment, including banking facilities. In this dilemma, it is important to see government role in solving poverty and other underdevelopment factors which happened to WMW. How far the local government implementing such regulation and family security program? Because there are Law no. 52/2009 on Demography and Family Security, Law no. 6/2014 on Village and Ministerial Decree of Women Empowerment and Child Protection no. 6/2013 on Implementing Family Security. Critical review conducted to see how far the local regulation materialize family development program in achieving gender equality and justice, women empowerment and children rights and protection.