9.1. Revival and Conflict of Interest among Sultan Buton


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Syarifah Ratnawati (Yayasan Interseksi)

Abstract

The end of the authoritarian New Order era and decentralization pushed one of them a change of administration in various regions in Indonesia. Through decentralization, occurring the segregation of the territories of administration at provincial and district/city. One of the areas that split in 2001 to become a city is Baubau or now the city is called be a city of Buton.  To the establishment of the city Buton in a system of democratic state at this time cannot be separated from the role of the Kingdom of Buton, which is expected to stand in the 14th century.  The Sultanate ended when Sultan’s 38th, La Ode Falihi, died in 1960. The end of the era of a sultanate in Buton fueled by the establishment of modern state, the republic of Indonesia in 1945 (van Klinken, 2010; Darmawan, 2008b). In addition to being a modern state, Buton sultanate integration into the sovereign territory of the nation-state of Indonesia can also be seen as a process of formal change of status of these kingdoms of the servants of the king/sultan become Indonesian citizens. From that citizenship has transformed individuals of mere servants or slaves under dust kings became formally equivalent and equal citizens in a modern State (Budiman, 2016). But the shift of power the central government in Jakarta in 1998 which, among other things, marked by the resignation of Suharto, it brought great influence on the process of revival of kingdoms and sultanates  in Indonesia (van Klinken, 2010: Henley and Davidson, 2010: Thufail , 2013, 2015; Evers, 2011). One of them occurred in the city of Buton.  After practically dead for nearly half a century, the sultanate of Buton revived in 2011. This paper will explain the current Sultan of Buton who no longer has the power of governance to the people actually revived and how Sultan Buton roles in the context of people’s lives.

Keywords: Buton, conflict, decentralization, revival, sultan