9.9. Man Industry and Development: Coconut Estates Industry in North Minahasa


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Hilma Safitri (Agrarian Resource Center/ARC)

Abstract

Coconut commodity in North Minahasa district dominates production of plantation commodity in this region that it is almost 90%. Considering that coconut is the global commodity, undoubtedly if this industry has been interested by (not only) local-national entrepreneurs, but also foreign company. In addition, the statistical data has shown misalignment of an existing of coconut plantation area and manpower structure. According to 2011 data, noted that more than 50% of population in this district as a worker in service sector, which was in opposite way with natural resources use condition that was more than 50% of the area was a productive agriculture area and almost 70% of its was large and small plantation. Therefore, if more than 50% of population work for service sector, who are working for natural resources extractions?

This paper focuses on how does man industry establish as a support of coconut industry in this district. To explain it, complexity of production chain scheme within coconut industry from raw material to consumption products, is used to observe further how people could be resisted or absorbed to stay in this sector. It is done because people in this area also important to be maintained in order to deal with industrial sector grown in surrounding the district. It is called Man chain development.

The establishment of human chain in an existing coconut industry in North Minahasa District can be seen by how survive does this commodity. If production of the plants frequently decreases, the human chain probably could not be maintained. The coconut estates is one of industry that possibly people in this area work in other sectors, either it is related to the coconut industry or not, such as manufacture or other various other industries located and developed in Manado and Bitung cities. In addition, if production volume of coconut estates decrease, the people will absorb to another new sectors established on ex-coconut plantation area, hence the structure of man-power will change and strongly no longer could support development of industrial area in Manado and Bitung cities.

Keywords: production chain, kopra, human industry.