Whose Authority? Ethnic and Religious Struggles for Hegemony in Indonesia

Since the New Order collapse, Indonesia underwent dramatic transformations. The nation sought to implement reforms to democratize governance and improve civil society, for instance through decentralization strategies. Ironically, these reforms do not necessarily result in democratization, good governance and strong civil society. One of the challenges is the myriad of struggles between different discourses and social groups for hegemonic power. These are not binary struggles between “the majority” versus “the minority”, because each category contains different groups and discourses that are not necessarily in agreement with each other. This panel explores the complex landscape of these struggles in an effort to map the forces. By investigating the interplay between religion, culture and social groups, the panel shows that various communities in Indonesia hold pivotal roles in defining ethnic and religious hegemony, and creating authority.

Panel Coordinator:

Stefani H.S. Nugroho
Yanwar Pribadi (IAIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin)


  1. Assalamualaikum versus Sampurasun: Managing Cultural Hegemony in the Relationships between Islam and Local Culture [Yanwar Pribadi]
  2. The Discontent of Minority-Majority Ties within the Concept of a Theistic Secular Indonesia [Al Khanif]
  3. Ahmadiyah And Shia Resistance: Ahmadiyah, Shia And Counter-Hegemony In Post New Order Indonesia [A’an Suryana]
  4. Dislocating “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika”: Counter-narratives from Kupang and Banda Aceh [Stefani H.S. Nugroho]
  5. The 2010 Medan Mayoral Election: Ethnic Relations, Identity Politics and Ethnic Chinese Indonesians [Chong Wu Ling]
  6. The Identity of People from Central Highland of Papua [Tito Panggabean & Lamtiur H. Tampubolon]