1.13. Marketplace, Traders and Upland Farming Farmers: The Ethnography of Dynamic Trading as a Livelihood in the Ujung Berung Marketplace, Bandung, West Java


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Budiawati Supangkat (Universitas Padjadjaran)

Abstract

This paper discusses practices of vegetable and food traders in an urban traditional marketplace in Ujung Berung, Bandung, West Java. Although Ujung Berung has been developed as an extension of the municipality of the city of Bandung, in this marketplace many people are still engaged in a system of dual economy. They are still predominantly engaged in the agriculture system and sell surpluses at the local markets of Bandung city, such as in Ujung Berung. The Ujung Berung marketplace has been well known as a place for local exchange by a number of small-scale traders who can make money to fulfil their household needs. They have been daily involved in trading various crop products from both the Ujung Berung area and other regions of Java, such as Central Java and East Java. Various crop products from the Ujung Berung area can be divided into cash crops that come directly from farmers who practise upland farming in the surrounding areas of Ujung Berung market place, supplying vegetables and foods, and from wholesalers in the central market (pasar induk) of Caringin, Bandung city. Like many traders in many marketplaces, the Ujung Berung traders have strategies to maintain personalised exchange through cementing social economic relations with many other actors such as upland farmers. Wholesaler traders have an important role in supporting actors livelihoods in relation to their own selling activities.

Keywords: marketplace, trader, farmer, upland farming, livelihood