The Fracture of Culture: The (local) Critical Notes to the Implementation of REDD+ in Central Kalimantan

Nur Anggraeni (Universitas Gadjah Mada)

Abstract

Community forestry management is believed to be one of the effective means to implement REDD+ at the local community level. REDD+ will appear in the forest benefits distribution through the mechanism of payment for environmental services (PES) for the local community. Therefore, another important factor in designing PES is how the level of local autonomy developing the institution in which the position of the local community be in a web of power relations with other parties concerned. Thus, this paper will discuss how the implementation of the REDD+ program through community (ethnic Dayak) empowerment scenario  in the village of Henda, District of Jabiren Raya, Pulang Pisau Regency, Central Kalimantan Province. REDD+ declared have a specific system which renders from PES in distribution the activity funds, and has created a new dynamic of the social-cultural life in Henda. This program directing people’s lives in a series of irregularities, –in the power of (formal) governance structures and various other parties with authority (informal) which then accumulate the existence of certain elite capture. The implementation of empowerment by the REDD program is characterized by competition between Henda people to access the programs that offer financial compensation as welfare resources. The process of community involvement in empowerment programs took place in the spirit of commercialization and competition for profit (not benefits) of the program, appear as a sign on the fracture of social-cultural lives in Henda.